A History of the Striped Bass.
Striped Bass helped to sustain the Pilgrims in the
Massachusetts Bay Colony
and astounded Captain John Smith, who wrote in his journal of that coast in
"I myself at the turning of the tyde have seen such multitudes
pass out of a pounce (a fish trap), that it seemed to me that one might go over
their backs drishod".
One of Smith's contemporaries called the Striped Bass:
"a most sweet and wholesome fish as ever I did eat . . . altogether as good as
our fresh Sammon.... Our Fishers take many hundreds together ... yea, their
Netts ordinarily take more than they are able to hall to Land".
Quoted from D. S. Jordan and B. W. Evermann, American Food and Game Fishes,
Doubleday, Page, New York, 1903.
1634 William Wood, in his New England's Prospect, called
the Striped Bass.
"one of the best fishes in the Country . . . a delicate,
fine, fat, faste fish.... The English at the top of an high water do crosse the
creek with long seanes or bass nets which stop the fish; and the water ebbing
from them, they are left on the dry grounds, sometimes two or three thousand at
a set, which are salted up against winter, or distributed to such as have
present occasion either to spend them in their homes or use them for their
The Pilgrims also caught them with hook and line...
" the fisherman taking a great cod line to which he fasteneth a peece of lobster
and threwes it into the sea. The rockfish biting at it, he pulls her to him and
knockes her on the head with a sticke."... (Bigelow and Schroeder, Fishes of the Gulf of Maine)
1639, in the first conservation law passed in the New World.
Massachusetts forbade the use of this delicate, fine, fat, fast fish for
In 1879 and again in 1881.
Meet Dr Livingston Stone Pioneer in Striped Bass Stocking.
Striped bass were seined from the Navesink and Shrewsbury Rivers near Red
Bank, New Jersey and transported by train in wooden barrels and milk cans across
the continent to the San Francisco Bay. Still today this effort ranks as maybe
the most successful Fish Stocking effort in the world.
Early Striped Bass Stocking
Jumping ahead to 1941 when the dam on the 170,000 acre
Santee-Cooper Reservoir was closed.
Striped Bass from the Atlantic were trapped on a Spawning up
the Cooper river. Biologists were aware that striped bass were on a spawning
run up into the Cooper River they just assumed that the stripers would die.
However, it was discovered by line breaking tail spacking action after the war
that the striped bass were flourishing and reproducing in the huge lake.
Arkansas fisheries Biologist Bring Striped Bass to the Natural state.
Stocking Striped Bass into
Lake Ouachita and
In the 1960s and early 1970s,
Forward thinking Biologist in several states jumped on the bandwagon
promoting the stocking of striped bass in large impoundments.